Home > Chemical > Technology > Sensors > Flame Photometric Detection (FPD)

Flame photometric detectors measure the emission characteristics of samples when burned in a hydrogen flame. As elements combust they emit light at particular wavelengths. This light is detected by a photomultiplier tube. By measuring the signal associated with characteristic wavelengths, specific elements can be detected within the sample.  FPD is most often used as a detector following gas chromatographic separations.  It is particularly sensitive to sulfur and phosphorous containing compounds.  FPD has been widely used in environmental analyses including pesticide analysis. While some stand-alone portable and handheld FPD devices exist, most FPDs are associated with benchtop instruments.  The technique is mature.  Instrument range in price from less than $20,000 to more than $100,000 depending on configuration.  
CDS Analytical, Inc. (1)
OI Analytical (2)
PID Analyzers LLC (1)
Person-Portable (1)
Mounted (2)
Benchtop/Fixed (1)
Commercially Available (1)
Discontinued (3)
Unit Cost
$10,000 - $20,000 (1)
$20,000 - $50,000 (2)
> $100,000 (1)
Sample Introduction
Liquid (2)
Vapor/Gas (2)
Sensitivity / Detection Limit
ppm (2)
ppt (1)
ng (1)

Additional Filter Options

Product Type

Instrument (4)


9 (4)


<30 Lbs. (3)
>50 Lbs. (1)

Power Requirement

NiMH Battery (1)
AC/DC Line Power (3)

Training Required

<1 week (4)


Yes (1)

Response Time

Continuous (<30 seconds) (1)
<1 minute (1)
<15 minutes (1)
>15 minutes (1)

Supporting Data Available

None (4)


None (2)

Shelf Life

>5 years (4)

Consumables Required

<$1,000/year (1)
>$1,000/year (3)
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